Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam was born in Rameswaram on 15 October 1931 to a Tamil Muslim family, then in British India, and now in Tamil Nadu in Madras presidency. His father’s name was Jainulabdeen who was a local mosque boat owner and imam. His mother’s name was housewife Ashiamma. His ancestors were wealthy traders and landowners, with numerous properties, and extensive land tracts. They exchange groceries from and to Srilanka between the mainland and the island and also ferry the pilgrims from the mainland to Pamban Island.
About A.P.J. Abdul Kalam:
Education And Early Works:
A.P.J Abdul Kalam graduated from the Madras Institute of Technology in 1957 and joined the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) Aeronautical Development Establishment in 1958 as a scientist. In the early 1960s, he worked under the prestigious space scientist Vikram Sarabhai with the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR).
He was not much satisfied with his work at DRDO and he became happy when he received orders for transfer to ISRO in 1969. There he served as the SLV-III project director which in July 1980 successfully deployed the Rohini satellite in near-earth orbit. This is the first satellite launch vehicle Indigenously developed and produced by India.
Abdul Kalam directed two projects in the 1970s namely Project Devil and Valiant project. Do you the Devil Project? It was an early liquid-fuelled missile project intended to produce a surface-to-air missile of short-range. This project was unsuccessful and abandoned in the 1980s, and later led to the Prithvi missile production. Project Valiant, on the other hand, planned to develop intercontinental ballistic missiles. This has not been successful, either.
Under Abdul Kalam’s leadership, IGMDP’s project has proved successful in producing missiles such as the first Prithvi missile in 1988 and then the Agni missile in 1989. He had been known as “Missile Man of India” because of his contribution.
President Of India:
From 25 July 2002 until 25 July 2007, Dr. Abdul Kalam served as the President of India. He was the first scientist to occupy the Rashtrapati Bhawan and the first bachelor. By succeeding K.R. Narayanan he became the 11th President of India. After Dr. Sarvapali Radhakrishnan in 1954 Dr. Zakir Hussain in 1963, won the coveted Bharat Ratna and became the third President to receive the highest civilian award. Dr. Abdul Kalam also became known as the President of the People. He remained committed to his vision of transforming India into a developed nation over the course of his five-year term.